The Department of Agriculture of Jing Shi Da Xue Tang was established at the end of Qing Dynasty. In 1949, College of Agriculture of Peking University, College of Agriculture of Tsinghua University, and College of Agriculture of Northern China University merged into Beijing Agricultural University (BAU) with four departments, including Department of Agronomy, Department of Plant Pathology, Department of Entomology, and Department of Horticulture. In order to optimize available resources, College of agriculture and biotechnology (CAB) was founded in 2002 with five disciplines: Agriculture Science, Plant Protection, Horticulture, Landscape Architecture, and Seed Science.

Currently, CAB owns nine departments, including Department of Agriculture Science, Department of Crop Genetics & Breeding, Department of Plant Pathology, Department of Entomology, Department of Plant Protection and Quarantine, Department of Fruit Science, Department of Vegetable Science, and Department of Landscape Architecture. CAB also has eight key laboratories and research centers. There are ten secondary disciplines in CAB and five of them are State Key Disciplines.

CAB has 225 faculty members and 83.7% of them had received Doctorate degree. Among all academic professionals, CAB has two Academicians of Chinese Academy of Engineering, one Changjiang Scholar, two Chief Scientists of the National Basic R&D Program, eleven Distinguished Young Scientists of National Funds, and 14 New Century Talents. Several research groups appear more influence in specific realms both in and abroad.

CAB has a complementary system for undergraduate, master degree, doctorate degree, and post-doctor cultivations. Some foreign students also received degree at CAB.

CAB received hundreds of national programs from The National Basic R&D Program of China, The National Natural Science Foundation of China, The National High Technology R&D Program of China, etc. The total grants held by CAB in 2006 were 10.26 million US dollars. More than 2,000 research papers were published on peer-reviewed journals. Several patents and new cultivars were developed. During past ten years, professionals and research groups in CAB were awarded as National Scientific and Technological Advance Prize and Provincial or Ministerial Prizes for several times.